In honor of national Minority Health Month, the Office of Health Improvement wants you to have some important facts and resources when considering the health disparities for:
  • Blacks and African Americans
  • Hispanics
  • Native Americans
Did you know?
  The Office of Health and Human Services (HHS) has selected six focus areas in which racial and ethnic minorities experience serious disparities in health access and outcomes. These six health areas were selected because they reflect disparities that are known to affect multiple racial and ethnic minority groups at all life stages.
Infant Mortality
  African-American, American Indian, and Puerto Rican infants have higher death rates than white infants. In 2000, the black-to-white ratio in infant mortality was 2.5 (up from 2.4 in 1998). This widening disparity between black and white infants is a trend that has persisted over the last two decades.
Cancer Screening and Management
  African-American women are more than twice as likely to die of cervical cancer as are white women and are more likely to die of breast cancer than are women of any other racial or ethnic group.
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
  Heart disease and stroke are the leading causes of death for all racial and ethnic groups in the United States. In 2000, rates of death from diseases of the heart were 29 percent higher among African-American adults than among white adults, and death rates from stroke were 40 percent higher.
  In 2000, American Indians and Alaska Natives were 2.6 times more likely to have diagnosed diabetes compared with non-Hispanic Whites, African Americans were 2.0 times more likely, and Hispanics were 1.9 times more likely.
HIV Infection/AIDS
  Although African Americans and Hispanics represented only 26 percent of the U.S. population in 2001, they accounted for 66 percent of adult AIDS cases and 82 percent of pediatric AIDS cases reported in the first half of that year.
  In 2001, Hispanics and African Americans aged 65 and older were less likely than Non-Hispanic whites to report having received influenza and pneumococcal vaccines.



CDC’s Office of Minority Health Fact Sheets
Eliminate Disparities in:


Cancer Screening and Management


Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)




HIV Infection/AIDS




Infant Mortality

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention & Health Promotion (NCCDPHP)


Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health  Program

National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)           


Trends in Racial and Ethnic-Specific Rates for the Health Status Indicators: United States, 1990-98.

Office of Communication


Racial & Ethnic Health Disparities Fact Sheet

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality


Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)


Office of Minority Health Resource Center


April is Minority Health and Health Disparities Month

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)


Office of Minority Health

Healthy People 2010


Indian Health Service (IHS)


National Institutes of Health (NIH)


National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD)

U.S. Census Bureau


Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin

National Minority Health Month Organization (NMHM)


African Americans:

Hispanic/Latino Americans:

Native Americans, American Indians, & Alaska Natives:

General Tip Sites:

World’s Healthiest Foods
Exercise for beginners
National Body Challenge from Discovery Health